Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD)

Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD)

“If you are not ready to raise the children, do not have the children’ This is a sentence of Dr. Prasert Phalitpholkanpim; well-known psychiatrist and EF-Executive Function’s educator of Thailand. A word of ‘readiness’ or ‘preparedness’ is defined differently depending on individual family. However, a good readiness should be at least maturity of the mother in order to raise her children by herself. This is a fact of life; mother is a real child rearing person. It is fundamentally assured that children would have mother’s breastmilk and protection during the golden period of time. This is the most valued interactions among mothers and children to initiate ‘attachment’. For ‘unreadiness’ may cause by young mothers and fathers and grandparents which affecting to the growth of the children, FCYD reported the details in annual report of the previous year, above mentioned-link.

“Mother is the best person who raise her children in every day. Within the first 3 years, A mother’s physical and emotional presence provides babies with two things: protection from stress and emotional regulation, both of which are important to healthy brain development and the child’s future well-being. Mother is allowed to work for wages at outside based on availability. However, it’s science and proved that the more time mother spends with children, it is more present time physically and emotionally for baby, the less stressed that baby is and the less stressed the mother is. I always asked that ‘where is the father?’ ‘My answer – father is a double time divisor.’ Responsibility to raise the children in the first 3 years is a heavy work rather than one person could absorb all rearing duties. Thus, to have one more person like father is better than one person. However, what we want is not a definition of female mother or male father, most important factor is ‘a real child rearing person’.

At present, Esaan region and its rural villages have been received various infrastructural and economic developments. New development of communications has been reached to all villages which people are able to get news and information the same version as people in town and cities receive. However, for household development based on economic and working opportunity, many Esaan people seek higher-paying work outside the region, particularly in Bangkok and other industrial based provinces. Some of these people have settled permanently in the cities, while some migrate to-and-fro. Others have emigrated in search of better wages. Rather than relocate as a family, they usually leave their babies and school-age children in the care of grandparents or relatives. Cases of neglecting the children, some mothers and fathers are young adolescents. Without proper readiness, they leave their children at homes with the grandparents and escape away without a certain destination. In each parent meeting, FCYD found out that more than 50% of the meeting participants – they are grandparents who are taking care of their grandchildren instead of the parents. Some bad cases, the grandparents did not know where the children’s parents and could not communicate them.

Problems related to societies and families of Thai people has been interacted and connected with different aspects and impacts from national to local scales. Thai Government has been trying through many continuous schemes of ECCD development by its decentralization and administration system. For FCYD as an external organization for child development, we want to straight to the point of core element that allows the most possible accessibility to ECCD’s successful performance. That is people who perform primary duty of child caregiving; parents, grandparents and ECCD teachers. In the future, FCYD has been developing a mutual collaboration with responsible local organizations; authorities, hospitals, schools and health-related networks in order to set up ‘multi-sectoral team’ of ECCD development or to be called ‘ECCD Team’. The ECCD Team in each target area will work a holistic approach together to ensure basically that;

  • All young children receive full ECCD-related public health services.
  • Parents and primary caregivers receive full supportive subsidies and social services.
  • Parents and primary caregivers who are living in difficult circumstances receive immediate assistances and solutions of child raising.
  • Parents and primary caregivers receive practical training of appropriate child parenting in particular to health, nutrition and brain development.
  • All young children receive good surveillance, protection and opportunity to learn their local cultures and community environments which will develop them to be good citizens of their communities in the future.

Realities about Young Children of Esaan Region, Thailand

RealitiesIdentified Problems
All children need mothers. Breastfeeding is one of the best ways to ensure child health and survival.⦁ Pregnant female adolescents were not in good position and readiness to perform their motherhood duties and probably unfortunately lacking sufficient support from family members.
⦁ Adolescent mothers (+fathers) did not perform their routine child parenting duties but grandparents. Some worst cases, adolescent parents fled away from homes and unable to contact.
⦁ Grandparents had their own-old parenting styles to raise the grandchild; uninvolved parenting style.
Trust is an essential building block for a healthy sense of self. For babies, this means meeting their needs—feeding, diapering, holding, rocking, swaying, calming, comforting. If your infant’s needs are not met, they may become fearful and anxious. All interactions provide and empower babies to grow securely.⦁ Once there are no real mothers, young children do not create any kind of relationship and attachment with his/her mother. It has only milk bottles and cradles. Children do not have opportunity to create faces of the mothers and sound of relaxation.
⦁ Some families, children are living in negative environments with violence and abuses.
During the period of 2-3 years old, young children need to create relationship and attachment with caring and rearing person. This is a fundamental foundation for him/her to live their lives securely in all aspects.⦁ When there is no attachment, children need to create relationship with a person who raise him/her in a daily routine, no matter what a good or bad behavioral person. However, such attachment is unsecured and indiscipline. This is affected to ‘self’ development of the children.
During the period of 3-5 years old, young children need to be given opportunity to learn and practice basic life skills appropriately for examples of taking a bath, clean their faces, brush the teeth, eat meals by their hands including social skills of speaking and communications with other people in their societies; schools and communities. By doing this, it needs a good role models who are their caring and rearing persons.⦁ Caring and rearing persons in everyday do not perform motherhood duties to teach children basic life skills. Thus, young children did not know what to do with this. Adding with indiscipline attachment and negative role motherhood behaviors, children have been absorbed negative and resisting habits, misbehave & aggression as well as family violence to be repeated in schools.
⦁ By this way, caring and rearing persons did not understand the root causes of such behaviors, they otherwise have parented the children in more violent way. This is badly aggravated to brain development and mentally-developing health. When young children refuse the interactive attachment, it’s metaphor ‘life without compass’. Young children lacked opportunity to learn and develop ‘self-esteem and self-control’. They do not know what kind of thing ‘should do and should not do’. They would allow mammalian brain (emotion) to control and lead their survivals.
When young children turn their age to 6 years old, they need to learn multiple things including responsibilities in daily routine. It is an important period of self-preparation to the next growing stage of adolescents.⦁ Thai proverb ‘Young wood is easy to bend but old wood is hard to bend’, it’s fact and figurative to child rearing and parenting. Whenever young children receive good child rearing practices and growing up elder, it will be easier for the parents and caring persons to teach and train them to do things in life. On the contrary of the inappropriate practices, it will be hard for the parents to teach and control the growing children and harder when they become adolescents.